Foguang Temple
Category:History and Culture

With a total coverage of 10.96km2, Mazu Temple scenic area is noted for quiet and peaceful scenery. It is a significant scenic area for the prosperous forests, peaceful environment and marvelous stones everywhere. This is the only way which tourists must passby to walk up Tianzhushan. The major tourist attractions are: Foguang Temple, Mazu Cave, Zuoci Cave, more than 30 stone inscriptions of Ming Dynasty, magnificent peaks such as Heavenly Frog Peak, Elixir Granting Peak, Heavenly Book Peak and Incense Peak, marvelous stones like Wooden Fish Stone, Pig Head Stone and Thunderbolt Stone, and waterfalls including Snow Cliff Waterfall and Rushing Stream Waterfall.

 

More than 1300 years ago, Mazu Daoyi was a brilliant disciple of Zen master Nanyue Huairang and a second generation disciple of the sixth patriarch Huineng of Chinese Zen Buddhism. His disciple Baizhang Huaihai made the famous regulations for Buddhists, Baizhang Monastic Rules, in accordance with the developing requirement of Zen Buddhism, in which labor is defined as a rule to be obeyed by all the monks and “no work, no food”, which roused a revolution in Buddhist temples and helped Zen Buddhism accomplish independence and gradually develop into the leading Buddhism. Therefore, Mazu Daoyi contributed to the development of Chinese Zen Buddhism. When roaming in Tianzhushan, the Buddhist monk of Tang Dynasty found here a good place so that he built a cottage as a temple and practiced Zen meditation at the stone cave in Lion Grove. The cave was later called Mazu Cave and the temple Mazu Temple. On the stone walls inside the cave there are stone inscriptions of Ming Dynasty. On the outer wall at the cave portal there are “Jiaping House”inscribed by Ruan Zihua of Ming Dynasty. Besides, there are “Buddhist Abbot in the Cave”, “Land of Utmost Joy”, and other inscriptions. In the middle of the stone at the cave roof, there is a gap, through which a beam of light shines into the cave. Thus the scenery is called Mazu Line of Sky. The cave is formed along the joints on the stone by weathering.

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