Foguang Temple
Category:History and Culture

With a total coverage of 10.96km2, Mazu Temple scenic area is noted for its quiet and peaceful scenery. It is a scenic area significant for abundant forests, peaceful environment and marvellous stones which are everywhere. This is the only route up to Tianzhushan. The major tourist attractions are: Foguang Temple, Mazu Cave, Zuoci Cave, more than 30 Ming Dynasty stone inscriptions, magnificent peaks such as Heavenly Frog Peak, Elixir Granting Peak, Heavenly Book Peak and Incense Peak, marvellous stones like Wooden Fish Stone, Pig Head Stone and Thunderbolt Stone, and waterfalls including Snow Cliff Waterfall and Rushing Stream Waterfall.


More than 1300 years ago, Mazu Daoyi was a brilliant disciple of Zen master Nanyue Huairang and a second generation disciple of the sixth Chinese Zen Buddhism patriarch Huineng. His disciple Baizhang Huaihai made the famous rules for Buddhists, Baizhang Monastic Rules, in accordance with the developing requirements of Zen Buddhism, in which labor is defined as a rule to be obeyed by all the monks and thus “no work, no food”. This caused a revolution in Buddhist temples and helped Zen Buddhism achieve independence and gradually develop into the leading form of Buddhism. Consequently, Mazu Daoyi contributed to the development of Chinese Zen Buddhism. When wandering in Tianzhushan, the Buddhist monk of the Tang Dynasty found this to be a good place so built a cottage as a temple and practiced Zen meditation at the stone cave in Lion Grove. The cave was later called Mazu Cave and the temple Mazu Temple. On the stone walls inside the cave there are Ming Dynasty stone inscriptions. On the outer wall at the cave portal there is “Jiaping House” inscribed by Ruan Zihua of the Ming Dynasty. Additionally, there are “Buddhist Abbot in the Cave”, “Land of Utmost Joy”, and other inscriptions. In the middle of the stone at the cave roof, there is a gap, through which a beam of light shines into the cave. Thus the scenery is called Mazu Line of Sky. The cave is formed along the joints on the stone by weathering.

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