International Mountain Day
Category:Science Popularization

The United Nations declared December 11th International Mountain Day. Most of our UNESCO Global Geoparks lie in mountainous areas or are partly covered by mountains. Thus it is essential to participate in the UN celebrations as another opportunity to raise the profile of the UNESCO Global Geoparks especially during the International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development. Some Geoparks have already prepared activities, events and communication actions to celebrate the day. The GGN is strongly encouraging all Geoparks to use this opportunity to raise their profile at the local level. UNESCO Global Geoparks should take advantage of and use the Geopark's social media and websites to communicate the values of their  mountains  to the broader public.   Mountains under pressure: climate, hunger and migration. Almost one billion people live in mountain areas, and over half the human population depends on mountains for water, food and clean energy. Yet mountains are under threat from climate change, land degradation, over exploitation and natural disasters, with potentially far-reaching and devastating consequences, both for mountain communities and the rest of the world. Mountains are early indicators of climate change and as global climate continues to warm, mountain people — some of the world’s hungriest and poorest — face even greater struggles to survive. The rising temperatures also mean that mountain glaciers are melting at unprecedented rates, affecting freshwater supplies downstream for millions of people. Mountain communities, however, have a wealth of knowledge and strategies accumulated over generations, on how to adapt to climate variability. Climate change, climate variability and climate-induced disasters, combined with political, economic and social marginalization, increase the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food shortages and extreme poverty. Currently, about 39 percent of the mountain population in developing countries, or 329 million people, is estimated to be vulnerable to food insecurity. As the vulnerability of mountain populations grow, migration increases both abroad and to urban centres. Those who remain are often women, left to manage the farms but with little access to credit, training and land tenure rights. Migration away from the mountain areas will also result in an inestimable loss in terms of provision of ecosystem services and preservation of cultural and agrobiodiversity. Investments and policies can alleviate the harsh living conditions of mountain communities and reverse migration trends from mountain areas.

Celebrate International Mountain Day

International Mountain Day 2017 provides an occasion to highlight how climate, hunger and migration are affecting highlands and to ensure that sustainable mountain development is integrated into the 2030 Agenda and in the implementation of the Paris Agreement.  While “Mountain under Pressure: climate, hunger, migration” is the suggested theme for 2017, countries, communities and organizations are encouraged to celebrate International Mountain Day through the choice of a different themes that might be more relevant to them.

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